Among these influencesis the temperature itself, for bkrbour has shown that the overheatedblood tends to change the activity of the centre so that the heat sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy loss isaugmented.the antipyretics do not lower the temperature by reducing theheat production, for, though the nitrogen eliminated and the oxygenabsorbed fall during their action in fever, this lessened tissue waste isthe result not the cause of the fall of temperature, the metabolismproceeding more slowly when the heat is reduced.calorimetric investigations have shown that the dissipation of heatin fever sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy is much increased by the antipyretics, while in health theyseem to have little effect. The first of its compounds to be intro-duced was phenacetine (cochgnh— ceh— oc 2 h 6 ), which differs from anti-febrine only in the addition of ethoxyl in the para position. And this excess canbe obtained by bleeding the immune animal sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy and collecting the serum;and when injected into an untreated animal this antitoxic serumlends it a certain degree of immunity to the subsequent injection tramadol 100mg prescription doctor ofthe original toxin. In mice,84 constitutional organic drugs.necrosis and vacuolation of liver cells may take place after internal administration. The amount and sophistication ofchemical and biological information have led to the critical roleof bench-top and desktop computers in assimilating data. They are seldom used now as intestinal antiseptics.(j) tar series.pix liquida (u.), or tar, is a thick brown, syrupy liquid obtained by the dry distillation of pine wood. Compare the top prices and sources to buy generic, propecia, and generic. It is purchase generic zolpiem online with mastercard said to have a strong affinityfor haemoglobin and to form with it a compound which kobert hasnamed cuprohaemol, and which is stated to be formed very rapidly whencopper is injected into the blood, the metal leaving the serum andattaching itself to the corpuscles at once. Moderate increase of temperature and constant stirring can help to sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy raise solubility.10 overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessaryno side effects were observed after administration at 5 times the sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy recommended dosage. Shortly thereafter, a group of scientists isolated5-hydroxyte-tracycline fromstreptomyces rimosus, and in1953 its structure was established. However, there are no clinically relevant examples ofchanges in drug disposition or effects that can be clearly ascribedto changes in cheap ultram 100mg with american express plasma protein binding (benet sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy hoener, 2002).the sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy idea that if a drug is displaced from plasma proteins it wouldincrease the unbound drug concentration and increase the drugeffect and, perhaps, produce toxicity seems a simple and obviousmechanism. This irritation may explain why a few centuries agocolchiciun was used in small doses to stimulate the action ofthese organs and relieve dropsical conditions.the effect on the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys takesplace equally well after subcutaneous administration, althoughit may be delayed for a few days, only showing at first inflammatory reactions at the place of injection. Men’s exaggerated expectations about their own sexual performance, combined buy generic tramadol 100mg in china with the increasing life expectancy, pose a critical juncture to the therapeutic approach to impotence in the age of. The ammonia sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy of the urine is oftendiminished in amount, while the urea excretion is correspondinglyaugmented. Further, in cases of heart failure, inwhich digitalis is prescribed, the vasomotor centre is in a state of un-usual activity because the circulation is deficient and the supply to thebrain can be maintained only by constriction of the peripheral vessels.as digitalis improves the heart and increases the supply of blood tothe brain, the vasomotor centre relaxes its activity, and thus, whilemaintaining the brain supply, permits more blood to circulate in theother vessels. The testing of drugproduct uses the same light exposure that was used to test drugsubstance. Currently, the world isworking to understand a new corona virus which has led to thesevere acute respiratory phentermine 37.5mg prescription houston texas syndrome (sars) threat. It should sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy be constituted of at least 5 memberswith at least 1 nonscientist and at least 1 member who is independent ofthe institution(s)/trial site(s). Ketamine is where to purchase xanax 2mg online with paypal the only intravenous anesthetic sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy that has lowprotein binding (12%) (table 25-2).organ sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy system effectsif ketamine is administered as the sole anesthetic, amnesia isnot as complete as with the benzodiazepines. This is the feature which differentiates the first fromthe second stage, in which the same factors are present; in the firststage the efficiency of the heart, i. Atropine does not quicken the heart in the newborn child,but up to about 30 the acceleration increases with the age, and fromthis point onwards it lessens again until the heart is accelerated byonly 4-5 beats per minute in patients between 80-90 years. Thisis known as the do it right the first time adipex prescription nyc approach. The mercury ointments are frequently applied to the eye,the sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy milder ones as antiseptics and slight irritants, citrine ointment todestroy granulations.mercurial ointments are sometimes employed to promote the absorp-tion of subcutaneous effusions and to reduce swellings. Purchase generic soma 350mg in singapore n, n' points at whichnicotine, coniine, curarine, etc., act — the ganglion cells surrounded by the terminationsof the nerves. Drugs a, c, and din figure 2-15 have equal maximal efficacy, and all have greatermaximal efficacy than drug b. The vision isoften affected sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy by interference with accommodation, also changesin the optic nerve and retina and temporary blindness may evenoccur (tobacco amblyopia). Prussic acid acts much more rapidly than these, however,and has thus gained its reputation of being the most dangerous ofpoisons.after very large doses in mammals, there may be practically nosymptoms; the animal falls to the ground with a slight convulsivemovement or a scream, and death follows in a few seconds from simul-taneous arrest of the heart and respiration.in smaller quantities prussic acid has a bitter, acrid, burning taste,which is accompanied by salivation, and sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy is followed by numbness inthe mouth and throat. Pde5 is an enzyme foundin corpus cavernosum smooth muscle, vascular and visceral smooth muscle, skeletal muscle, platelets,kidney, lung, and cerebellum. Erectile dysfunction in patients with peyronie's disease and congenital penile curvature. In section 3.5 on the phases in drug development an overview is given of themost important processes that take place during sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy the development of a newdrug. Ich also invites three parties as observers: excretion of these metabolites was essentially complete by 24 hours after dosing. If you were to stop taking propecia, your balding would resume. Hysicians should discuss withpatients the contraindication ofwith regular and/orintermittent use of organic nitrates. This advanced order soma nashville development formulation is safe, effective andwell tolerated in human clinical trials. It produces no general excitement andis very pleasant to inhale. The effect ofvarious physical and chemical phenomena of pharmaceuticalsalso want to buy lorazepam online in the uk is treated.knowledge of the physical stability of a formulation is veryimportant for three primary reasons. According to experts, antivirals such as acyclovir are of no benefit in uncomplicated infectious mononucleosis. In animals theeye is often completely destroyed by the application of abrin, while in otherexperiments enough of the drug is absorbed to cause sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy fatal poisoning.crotin is another toxin, which is found in the croton tiglium, but whichdoes not pass into croton oil. Metabolism occurs primarily in the liver and involvesaf-demethylation by the cytochrome p450 system. In some cases, blood appears in the vomitedmatter and also in the stools, but adipex before and after pics this is not by any means an invari-able feature. Deviations from sops are possible but theyshould be documented and acknowledged by the study director or principalinvestigator. Thyreoglobulin is notcompletely saturated with iodine, for it forms a higher combinationwith it in the test-tube, but then loses its sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy specific action on the animalorganism. Indiffusion-controlled process, a stationary layer of solute sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy adja-cent to the solid/liquid interface is postulated and is commonlyreferred to as the diffusion layer. Nascar cardboard standees standup to be 5ft 8in to 6ft tall depending on drivers height. Noncorrosive compounds maybe formed by giving milk, egg, or other forms of albumin, tannic acid, magnesia, or fenrocyanide sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy of potassium. Duringsystole the levers moved upward; during diastole, downward. (530 grains.) ijo g.botyl chloral hydras (b.) resembles chloral dosely. Pharmaceutical research in biochemistry, cell biology, and mo-lecular biology has exploded in the past 25 years. Such anevent may be a sign of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (naion), a cause ofdecreased vision, including permanent loss ofvision, that has been reported rarely post-marketing in temporal association with the useof all pde5 inhibitors. With concentrations of 0.4 to0.5 per cent., i., when about 70 per cent, of the haemoglobin hasbeen combined sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy with this gas, death takes sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy place with stoppage ofrespiration.carbon monoxide is not oxidized in the body. A solution of this straitis only to be used by the surgeon himself, and sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy the eye should be wasteout with a salt solution at once.
20 mg causedan additional time-related reduction in blood pressure and increase in heart rate in associationwith ntg administration. Thereis limited clinical data on the safety of in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency (child-pugh class c). The metallic nitrites do not as a rule sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy causeso much headache and flushing of the face sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy and neck as the alkyl com-pounds.nitroglycerin produces the same effects as the other members ofthis series, but acts much more powerfully than either the metallic oralkyl nitrites. In fact the effects of asudden absorption of lead sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy in man are unknown.in animals also, some difficulty has been met in inducing the symptomsdue to the" action of large quantities of lead in the tissues, because most formsof lead injected into the vessels precipitate the proteins of the blood and causeembolism, while, on the sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy other hand, only local symptoms can be induced byits administration by the mouth. A dictionary of nursing 2008, sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy originally published by oxford university press 2008. Once-a-day dosing has phentermine prescription age not beenevaluated in patients with hepatic impairment; therefore, if prescribed, a careful individualbenefit/risk evaluation should be undertaken by the prescribing physician (see sections 4.hypersensitivity to sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.in clinical studies, tadalafil was shown to augment the hypotensive effects of nitrates. These types of risk may be mitigatedby assigning the most experienced managers to the development teamwho were found to be stress resistant sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy in critical times or by careful bal-ancing availability of order clonazepam 2mg online with visa resources versus need for resources at critical timepoints. Drug ebay weight loss development teams are often extended with academicand industrial consultants and key opinion sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy leaders who contribute to thedecisionmaking process. Occasionally the buy cheap carisoprodol with paypal kidneysare found to contain numerous blood casts, filling the lumen of thetubules, and in these cases albumin and haemoglobin appear in theurine before death; these are more often elicited by solanine than bythe sapotoxins. Among these may be mentioned olumnol (naphtolsulphonate of aluminium), salumin (salicylate), tannal (tannate), gallol (gallate),borol (borotartrate), cutol (borotannate), ahol (acetate), alkasaj (salicylate ofpotassium and aluminium. Of a solution containing 0.1 per cent, of cocaine and 0.8per cent, of sodium chloride is allowed to permeate the tissues througha fine hypodermic needle. These have sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy been usedthe chief pharmacopceial preparation of aluminium is the sulphateof aluminium and potassium, or alum, which has been largely usedfor its astringent properties. They do not treat viral infections (e., the common cold). More recently favorable results have been obtained byvaccination against typhoid fever and bubonic plague.occasionally, after the use of some antitoxic serum, as that ofdiphtheria, sudden death has occurred in man and in experimental animals. Such globs of gel dissolve very slowly because of theirhigh viscosity and the low diffusion coefficients of the polymers.for large-scale dissolution, it is helpful to disperse the polymerpowder in water at temperatures where the solubility of thepolymer is lowest before it can agglomerate into lumps of gel.most polymer powders, such as sodium carboxymethylcellulose,are dispersed with high shear in cold water before the particlescan hydrate and swell into sticky gel grains that agglomerateinto lumps. There were 70 ciprofloxacin exposures, all within the first trimester. soma 350mg price in uk the salicylate isphysostigmine 349not deliquescent, has usually a buy cheap ultram in hanoi slight acid reaction, and sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy is soluble in 150 partsof cold, or 30 parts of boiling water. The mission ofthe us pharmacopoeia mirrors that of the european pharmacopoeia andconsists inimproving the health of people around the world through publicstandards and related programmes that help ensure the quality, safety, andbenefit of medicines and foods. Pylorihas been shown to sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy reduce the risk of duodenal ulcer recurrence. This metabolite shows a phosphodiesteraseselectivity profile similar to that ofvardenafil and anin vitroinhibitory potency for pde5 28% ofthat of vardenafil. We investigated the prostatic urethral sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy lift, a novel, minimally invasive treatment for symptomatic lower urinary tract complaints presumed to be from benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph), which aims to mechanically open the prostatic urethra without ablation or resection. In acute general poisoning in animals, manyof the metals cause a great fall of blood-pressure, which has been ascribedto their paralyzing the walls of the smaller arterioles and capillaries.the general malnutrition from sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy the gastro-intestinal action renders itimpossible to determine whether the metals alter the metabolism of thebody through directly sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy affecting the cells, but it is not improbable thatthis is the case, for the loss of weight is often too rapid to be explainedby the starvation alone.the central nervous system is always affected more or less by thepresence of the metals in the blood. Hydrochloric acid is found to delay the growth of organisms,and even to destroy the great majority of the less resistant forms in0.2-0.3 per cent, solution, or in the percentage in which it exists inthe gastric juice. — quinine appears in the urine within a short time (15minutes) after its exhibition by the mouth, and it continues to beexcreted by the kidney in sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy some quantity during the next twentv-fourhours, buy generic tramadol 200mg tablets online uk and in smaller amounts up to about seventy-two hours. Of the dried gland every evening for the first week oftreatment), and should be gradually increased, until improvement sets in orunpleasant symptoms arise. The mucous membrane is swollen, congested, andoften covered with a muco-purulent secretion or studded with ecchymoses, andin dogs ulceration is often present. Automation and computerization continue to increasemanufacturing yields and concomitant tighter tolerances. The technique is called dynamic or quasi-elasticlight scattering. Regulation of noncontact erection in rats by gonadal steroids. Also when order meridia 15mg online in uk anaesthesia is veryadvanced that the patient is not choked by swallowing his tongueor by inhaling vomitus or mucus. Obganic okcgs.in rtris way we probahiy vn ?tpiain the good sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy effiects of afterdinoct oqidiais. There are no available data about the administration of once-a-day dosing of tadalafilto patients with hepatic impairment.if is prescribed once-a-day, a careful individualbenefit/risk evaluation should be undertaken by sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy the prescribing physician.patients with diabetestadalafil exposure (auc) in patients with diabetes was approximately 19% lower than the aucvalue for healthy subjects. This flow of liquid is called electro-osmosis, and the pressure produced by it is called electro-osmoticpressure. — phosphorus has been recommended in variousdiseases of the central nervous system and in neuralgia, but it is stillquestionable whether it is of any real benefit in these. The oxford pocket dictionary of current english 2009, originally published by oxford university press 2009. The phosphates excreted are increased in the sameratio as the nitrogen, and the increase is obviously due to the samecause, augmented protein waste.in some cases sugar has been found in the urine after thyroid treat-ment, and in a considerable percentage of persons it seems to cause atendency to glycosuria, as is shown by the appearance of sugar in theurine sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy after the ingestion of where to purchase ultram 50mg in the uk large quantities of sugar, which wouldnormally be oxidized in the tissues. Aloe barbadensis (b.), want to buy sibutramine 10mg with paypal inspissatedjuice from aloe vera. Dry Storage Warehouse with 4 dock – high doors and ramp We are able to store products for our customer’s convenience.
Some authorities recommended that instead of thiscontinuous administration, single large doses (15 grs.) should be givenat intervals so timed as to supply the drug at the moment of sporula-tion, but this is not so generally successful as the continuous treatment.quinine is generally administered sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy by the mouth in malaria, but itsintensely bitter taste renders this treatment disagreeable, and in chil-dren and in cases of persistent vomiting it may be impossible; inchildren quinine tannate or euquinine may sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy be employed, and in severevomiting or other emergencies sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy a soluble preparation is injected into themuscles. The fetus is most sensitive to adversedrug effects during the first trimester. Amoxicillin diffuses sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy readily into most bodytissues and fluids, with the exception of brain and spinal fluid, except when meninges are inflamed.the half-life of amoxicillin is 61.3 minutes. As a ruleit contains in the active state only the proteolytic and the starch splittingferments, but not the fat sphtting ones. — mercury is destructive to livingmatter wherever it comes in contact with it in sufficient concentration.this poisonous action is naturally much more evident when solublepreparations are used than when the oxides or calomel are in question.thus corrosive sublimate in a solution of one part in 50,000 destroysinfusoria in some 20 minutes, and even one part in one million killsalgae in the course of a few days. Much larger amounts of dilute acids may thereforebe absorbed without serious symptoms by man and by the carnivorathan by the herbivora. This very toxic action is due to the presence of a toxalbumin called ricin, but as it is not soluble in oils it remainsbehind while expressing the castor beans.croton oil is a much more powerful purgative than thepreceding. For daily use should cost about the same as 6 tablets of 36-hour***. It is important to put your medicines up and away and out of sight. The muscle of cheapest generic zolpidem 10mg online with mastercard the frog's heart isthus reduced in conductivity and augmented in contractility and excita-bility by members of this series; the effect on the conductivity is elicitedby smaller sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy quantities than are necessary to change the contractility.schmiedeberg suggested that the systolic arrest is due to a great increasein the elasticity of the heart muscle, but this is not supported bylater investigations and is insufficient to explain the phenomena.the hearts of some invertebrates are said to undergo changes similarto those described in the frog's heart, while the crustacean's seems tobe entirely unaffected by digitalis.mammalian heart. The effect of pornography on penile tumescence as a function of reinforcement and novelty. The effect ofionic strength is usually to enhance adsorption by shielding adjacent proteins from repulsive electrical interactions. There is no doubt, however,that corrosive sublimate and the other soluble salts of mercury areamong the most powerful antiseptics at present available. Under worst case conditions (10°c and soft water) maximum solubility is approximately 1.0 g/l but increases by raising temperature. It is not unusual for a mid-to-post menopausal woman to experience an increase in sexual want to buy zolpiem online india interest as she ages. Andcontaining r j ff gr. Rogaine and propecia together experience a synergy between the 2 medications which show more positive results than either medication taken independent of the other. The technique can beapplied to other antigens as well. The plasma concentration of m1is approximately 26% that of the parentcompound. This dossier is called sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy anew drug application sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy (nda) in the usa andamarketing authorisation application (maa) in the eu. Cases of hepatitis followingexposure to other volatile anesthetics, including enflurane, isoflu-rane, and desflurane, have rarely been reported. Its action uponthe heart or pupils is the same as that of coniine.sparteine produces almost the same effect on the centralnervous system as coniine, but is much weaker than the latter.it diminishes the force of contraction of the heart and paralyzesthe vagus. Thisis a crucial moment in the chemical development of a new drug and in somecases depending on the nature of the drug and its potential commercialsuccess the construction of a new chemical plant is considered. 2004). As a preliminary to the use of etherthe procedure seems to be of value, as much less of the anaesthetic isrequired; 10 mgs. Zolpidem 10mg usa while talk therapy was once regarded as the first line of treatment, impotence now appears to be cured by simply popping a pill. (51 5 grains.)(2) sulphonal division.sulphonmethannm (u.) or sulphonal (b.) and sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy sulphonetiiylmethaniim (u.) or trional and tetronal, three sulphon derivatives, cheap carisoprodol 350mg online in the uk arewhite crystalline bodies only soluble in a few himdred parts of water, butreadily soluble in hot alcohol sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy dose: following simultaneous administration of vardenafil 5 mg and tamsulosin, two patients had a standing sbp of 85 mmhg; two and one sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy patient (vardenafil and placebo, respectively) had a decrease cheapest generic lorazepam 1mg in australia in standing sbp of 30 mmhg. It has been associated with mutations in thegene coding for the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (ryrl),the calcium release channel on the sarcoplasmic reticulum, andmutant alleles of the gene encoding the a subunit of the humanskeletal muscle l-type voltage-dependent calcium channel.however, the genetic loci identified to date account for less than50% of malignant hyperthermia-susceptible individuals, andgenetic testing cannot definitively determine malignant hyper-thermia susceptibility. Ahydrochloride of quinine and urea containing 60 per cent, of quinine has beenlargely sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy used in somewhat larger doses than those of quinine. Some of the more common causes of poisoningare lead waterpipes or cooking utensils, sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy lead used to close tins of mealor fruit, and lead in hair dyes. The carbonate of ammonia, when swallowed, also causesslight gastric irritation, and in larger quantities nausea and vomiting.after absorption ammonia and its carbonates are rapidly sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy changedto urea, and thus differ from the fixed alkalies in not increasing theavailable alkali of the blood, and in having no effect on the urine exceptto increase the urea and thereby cause some diuresis.the carbonate of ammonia stimulates the central nervous systemwhen it is injected into the blood in some quantity, but it has no sucheffect when absorbed from sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy the stomach. Long-actingdrugs (e. To assess the bioavailability andthe safety of lead molecules, in vivo pharmacokinetic buy xanax 1mg with mastercard and single dose toxicityassays are performed in one or more animal species using a limited numberof animals. But considerable amounts of arsenic havebeen obtained from the urine of arsenic-eaters, which shows that inthese people the tolerance is not due to non-absorption.as a contrast to the styrian peasants, the miners of reichensteinmay be mentioned, who are constantly exposed to arsenic owing toits zolpidem best places to buy being contained in large quantities sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy in the ore. In the third stage the bloodpressure is high, but irregular, as is also the pulse. — bismuth has been used chiefly in gastric catarrhand ulcer, and has often been looked upon sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy as a specific in the buy generic meridia 15mg online india lastaffection, though sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy it acts simply as a protective powder with buy genuine tramadol online perhapssome astringent properties. A report of “susceptible” indicates that the pathogen sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy is likely to be inhibited if theantimicrobial compound in the blood reaches the concentrations usually achievable. A diminution of cutaneous sensation is observed in theearly stages of poisoning in dogs, although local anaesthesiadoes not result from topical application.in an ordinary case of poisoning in mammals, the heart isnot sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy profoimdly where to purchase ultram 100mg with mastercard affected, but in frogs, colchicine produces thesame action as veratrine upon this organ, i., a shortening ofthe relaxation period. Phenylhydrazine itself is avery poisonous substance producing a brown coloration of theblood due to methaemoglobin formation buy ambien with fast delivery and also to a coloredproduct of this drug. Thisestimate is subject to the usual type 1 or alpha error (settingthe expiration too early so that the product will be destroyedor removed from sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy the market appreciably earlier than sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy actuallyis necessary) sibutramine 10mg online usa pharmacy and the type 2 or beta ambien non prescription error (setting the date toolate so that the failure occurs in an unacceptably large pro-portion of cases). The former refers to the fact that these prod-ucts are often produced by microorganisms or mammalian cellscontaining hybrid dna, most often produced by joining piecesof dna from different sources to gain the appropriate expressedproduct; the latter involves production of a single clone fromhybrid cells, using hybridoma technology that fuses differ-ent cells to make the desired antibody. This parameter is relatedclosely to the rate of absorption of the drug from a formulationand may be used as a simple measure of rate of absorption butis normally not evaluated statistically.to illustrate the importance of tmax, suppose that the twocurves in figure 5-6 now represent two formulations of an an-algesic and that in this case the mec is 2.0g/ml.